Verb 2: The Key to Mastering Indonesian Language

Indonesian language is a beautiful and complex language that can take time to master. However, with the right tools and techniques, anyone can become fluent in Indonesian. One of the most essential aspects of the language is the use of verb 2.

What Is Verb 2?

Verb 2 is the second form of a verb in Indonesian language. It is used to indicate the past tense of a verb. In English, this is equivalent to adding “-ed” to the end of a verb. For example, “walk” becomes “walked” in the past tense.

However, in Indonesian language, verb 2 is used for all past tense verbs, regardless of the verb’s ending. For example, “makan” (to eat) becomes “makan” in the present tense and “makaned” in the past tense.

How to Form Verb 2?

To form verb 2, you need to add the prefix “me-” or “di-” to the base form of the verb. The prefix “me-” is used for active verbs, while “di-” is used for passive verbs.

For example, the base form of the verb “makan” (to eat) becomes “memakan” in the active voice and “dimakan” in the passive voice when forming the past tense.

Examples of Verb 2 in Sentences

Here are some examples of verb 2 in sentences:

  • Saya makan nasi kemarin. (I ate rice yesterday.)
  • Kucing dimakan oleh anjing. (The cat was eaten by the dog.)
  • Kami pergi ke pantai bulan lalu. (We went to the beach last month.)
  • Buku itu sudah dibaca oleh saya. (I have already read that book.)

Why Is Verb 2 Important?

Verb 2 is essential in Indonesian language because it is used in almost every conversation. Without verb 2, it is impossible to talk about past events or actions. Therefore, mastering verb 2 is essential for anyone who wants to become fluent in Indonesian language.

Tips to Master Verb 2

Here are some tips to help you master verb 2:

  • Practice forming verb 2 with different verbs.
  • Listen to Indonesian songs or watch Indonesian movies to get used to verb 2 in context.
  • Read Indonesian books or news articles to see how verb 2 is used in written language.
  • Take an Indonesian language course to get feedback and guidance from a teacher.

Common Mistakes with Verb 2

Here are some common mistakes that learners make with verb 2:

  • Using the wrong prefix. For example, using “me-” instead of “di-” for passive verbs.
  • Forgetting to use verb 2 in past tense sentences.
  • Using verb 2 for present tense sentences.
  • Using the wrong form of verb 2 for irregular verbs.


Mastering verb 2 is essential for anyone who wants to become fluent in Indonesian language. With the right tools and techniques, you can easily form and use verb 2 in sentences. Remember to practice and seek guidance from a teacher to avoid common mistakes and improve your language skills.